Fixtures are objects attached to, or installed in, the property.
Examples: picture hooks, locks, clotheslines, cable TV connections, window awnings, air conditioners, above ground pools and fencing, carpets, TV antennae, satellite dishes, ramps and grab rails (disability requirements).
The tenant can only attach a fixture, or make a structural change, if the property manager/owner agrees.
Requests for approval should be in writing, should describe the change and if the fixture will be removed. It can be included as a special term in the tenancy agreement.
Written agreement must:
- detail the type of fixture to be attached/installed, and
- include any agreed terms:
- if the tenant can remove the fixture
- if removal is agreed - when and how it is to be done
- if there is damage during removal - how it will be repaired and if compensation will be paid
- if removal is not agreed - compensation to the tenant for any improvement made to the property
Tenant fails to get approval
If a tenant installs a fixture without written permission, the property manager/owner can ask them to pay to reinstate the property to the original condition, or they can keep it as an improvement to the property.
Consent not given
The property manager/owner does not have to agree to the fixture if they give a good reason.
Example: the installation would cause too much damage to the property.
Responsibility for the fixture
If a fixture is attached or installed by the property manager/owner, it becomes part of the property and they must ensure it is in a good state of repair. If the tenant installs or attaches the fixture, they are responsible for maintaining it.
Any added fixtures or structures should meet all relevant local and state laws.